RTI²-B is a promising framework for prevention and intervention within an integrated, three-tiered approach. Each tier of the framework involves careful reflection on the needs of students, the design of interventions matching those needs, and the collection of data to evaluate progress (individually for students and collectively as a school). All of these efforts require a shared school-wide commitment to teach and reinforce positive behavior. It also involves adopting an optimistic view that all students can learn appropriate behavior if sufficient and supportive opportunities to learn are provided. When using positive behavior supports in all three tiers (e.g., focusing on teaching students the behaviors we want to see, as opposed to punishing the behaviors we don’t want to see, and developing relationships between students and school staff), schools create a culture where all students and teachers are respected and included in their community. Furthermore, student and staff contributions to the school create a positive and proactive way to acknowledge, engage, and respect all stakeholders.
The purpose of RTI²-B is to empower educators to equip all students with the opportunity to meet high expectations regarding behavior and the support to reach every student. Also, students, families, and educators can work together to develop and contribute to a shared school vision. Tennessee Behavior Supports Project can help schools meet that goal.
Within the multi-tiered framework of RTI²-B, each tier increases the intensity of intervention and supports so students can be best supported within their school.
Tier II: Tier II involves delivering more targeted interventions for approximately 10-15% of students who do not respond to Tier I supports. Tier II interventions are provided in addition to Tier I supports in place for all students in the school. Interventions at Tier II are typically systematic, evidence-based interventions that are delivered to groups of students at a time. For example, Tier II interventions typically include small-group social skills instruction, behavior contracts, self-monitoring plans, and check-in/check-out.
Tier III: Tier III includes individualized interventions for approximately 3-5% of students who do not respond to Tier I or Tier II interventions and supports. Tier III interventions involve the implementation of specialized, one-on-one systems for students. Examples of Tier III supports include individualized counseling and function-based interventions.